Volume 6(2019)

PAGE 5/26

Table 2: Number of family members within the study’s poor households

Poor Near poor Total
1–3 persons 41.3% 25.0% 35.4%
4–5 persons 41.3% 54.3% 46.0%
6 persons or more 17.4% 20.7% 18.6%
Total 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

In terms of age groups, 55.8 per cent of the poor household members are of working age, or 19-60 years old (figure 1).

Figure 1: Age groups


Duration of residence in Ho Chi Minh City

Most of the poor household members are born and grow up in the city, accounting for 83.5 per cent of the study participants. Only 16.5 per cent come from other provinces. Most of the impoverished migrants have lived in Ho Chi Minh City for around 20 years, while a small proportion (5 per cent) have come within the past five years.


On average, the poor households have an income of slightly more than 1.5 million dong per person per month, whereas the near-poor households live on slightly more, at 1.99 million dong per person per month (table 3). In households of one to three persons (54 per cent), there is one breadwinner; a single-person household does not earn income and rely mainly on the social allowances. For households of four to five members, there are usually one to two breadwinners. Among the working members, 27 per cent have irregular income (means having salaries of fewer than 10 months per year). This reflects income stability of the poor households.