Volume 6(2019)

PAGE 6/26

Table 3: Income per person per month (thousand dong)

Poverty category Mean Median
Poor 1 519.75 1 366.67
Near poor 1 985.74 1 825.00

Profession and employment status

The proportion of working-age members in this research is 55.7 per cent (of 2,202 individuals), of which 71 per cent are working. Persons older than 60 years who are still working accounted for 25.5 per cent of the total individuals . Around 2.6 per cent of the study individuals are younger than 18 but working. The remaining individuals who do not work, excluding children younger than 18, are usually in poor health, studying, unemployed, old and retired or not intending to work (table 4).

Table 4: Job classification

18 or
younger
Aged 19–35 Aged 36–60 Older than
60
Total
N % N % N % N % N %
Having a job 16 2.6 313 68.8 559 72.2 90 25.5 978 44.4
Younger than 6 years 112 18.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 112 5.1
Studying 485 78.2 69 15.2 0 0.0 0 0.0 554 25.2
Retired 0 0.0 0 0.0 38 4.9 260 73.7 298 13.5
Having mental or physical problem 6 1.0 14 3.1 54 7.0 3 0.8 77 3.5
Not going to work 0 0.0 53 11.6 122 15.8 0 0.0 175 7.9
Other 1 0.2 6 1.3 1 0.1 0 0.0 8 0.4
Total 620 100.0 455 100.0 774 100.0 353 100.0 2202 100.0

The analysis of occupational structure finds that the number of impoverished people working in the informal sector is relatively high, at 69.3 per cent. The occupational characteristics of working people in the poor households also differ between the younger and older age groups. Young workers, aged 19-35, are more likely to work in the formal sector (48.6 per cent), while people older than 36 (and especially older than 60) work mainly in the informal sector (figure 2).