Volume 6(2019)

PAGE 7/26

Figure 2: Working in formal or informal sector by age group


Job stability and type of employment

The majority of the poor workers have stable jobs, accounting for 66.9 per cent. There is a difference in job stability between those working in the formal and informal sectors, however. Most of the jobs in the formal sector are in factories, which the younger age group reported having. Jobs in the formal sector are highly rated for stability, especially for those aged 19-35 years.

Jobs in the informal sector are usually in tailoring, security, daily or seasonal employment, small business, peddling, vehicle repair and moto-taxi driving. Among the workers in the informal sector, 57.1 per cent of them regard their job as stable, which is far lower than the rate by workers in the formal sector, at 89 per cent.

Table 5: Employment stability by age group

Age groups
18 or
Aged 19–35 Aged 36–60 Older than
N % N % N % N % N %
Stable job 11 68.8 238 76.0 358 64.0 47 52.2 654 66.9
Unstable job 5 31.2 75 24.0 201 36.0 43 47.8 324 33.1
Total 16 100.0 313 100.0 559 100.0 90 100.0 978 100.0


At present, children in poor households receive support for tuition fees from the city’s poverty reduction programme. The study shows that most children under 18 in poor households go to general primary, secondary and high school. Among the children aged 6-15, 99.1% go to school (49.7% primary school and 49.4 secondary school). Among children aged 16-18, 91.7% go to school. Though, 6.6% of children of this age stop schooling to go to work and the remaining do not go to school due to poor health or low awareness. This rate is lower among those aged 19-22. Accordingly, 55.1% of the children of this age go to school (33.8 higher education, 18.8% high school and 2,5% secondary school).