Volume 6(2019)

PAGE 11/26

Figure 4: Flood situations

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Regarding the ambient environment - air, noise, surface water, groundwater and solid waste - most of the poor households consider surface water in canals, rivers and other water bodies to be a serious problem, compared with the other environmental problems, in both the central and peri-urban districts.

Garbage collection systems are well operated in the central districts, and the poor households report being connected to the service. Yet, the system operates differently between the two areas of the study. In the central districts, garbage is collected every two days. But in the peri-urban districts, there is less formal garbage collection; people tend to dump their garbage in a garden or surrounding area (table 9).

Table 9: Garbage collection

Central
districts
Peri-urban
districts
Total
N % N % N %
Paid garbage collection service 210 87.5 211 75.9 421 81.3
Putting garbage in collection points (charging monthly fee) 18 7.5 28 10.1 46 8.9
Throwing garbage into river, canal, vacant land 3 1.2 6 2.1 9 1.7
Self-disposal of garbage by burying, burning, putting in garden 9 3.8 33 11.9 42 81
Total 240 100.0 278 100.0 518 100.0
4. MOBILITY

Commuting habits

Commuting habits tell a lot about poor households. In this study, there are clear differences between the central and peri-urban districts (figure 5).