Volume 6(2019)

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Administrative office (district) 3.7 0.0 0.6 20.8 2.1 1.9
Administrative office (city) 2.3 0.0 0.0 7.9 0.6 0.8
Homes of relatives 2.7 0.0 0.6 17.5 3.3 9.6
Distant places, fewer than 30 km 6.0 0.0 0.6 17.3 1.2 0.8
Distant places, more than 30 km 6.0 0.6 0.2 13.8 0.8 0.0

For public transport, buses are reported as mostly used for visits to district and city hospitals, at 14.4 per cent and 8.1 per cent, respectively. The bus to a hospital is preferred because people use the time on bus to rest. They also use the bus to travel to far-away places.

A taxi is considered as an expensive means of public transport. Thus, people in the poor households only use a taxi in an emergency, such as severe illness or going to visit relatives for an important event, such as a wedding. The moto-taxi is also regarded as a costly means of public transport. It is reported as used primarily for travelling to a doctor’s appointment for medical check-ups. In general, poor people, like other Vietnamese, use a motorbike as their personal means of transport. Motorbike is most preferred for travelling to near or distant places, such as commercial centres, health centres and markets. Bicycling and walking are also cited as the mode of transport for travelling to places close to their home.

The findings indicate that a personal means of transport, particularly motorbikes, are the main form of transport for poor households regardless of distance. Of the public transport, only buses meet their needs when travelling to a distant place or to health care services. The poor households in the peri-urban areas tend to use buses more than those in the central areas. Regarded as expensive, taxis and moto-taxis are much less used.

Access to public transportation

Of the 230 respondents commenting on the use of a taxi, 93.5 per cent consider it as too expensive. And app-using taxis are also described as expensive, although the respondents almost never use a smart phone app to search for taxi information, but they know that this kind of taxi is as expensive as the traditional taxi. The respondents characterize the moto-taxis as expensive (at 87.3 per cent) and time consuming (at 12.7 per cent) (table 11).

Table 11: Limitation of moto-taxi, traditional taxi and app-using taxi (multiple-choise questions)

Moto-taxi Traditional taxi App-using taxi
N = 142 N = 230 N = 193
Expensive 87.3% 93.5% 93.8%
Time consuming 12.7% 3.9% 5.7%
Difficult for taxi to enter narrow alleys 0,7% 6.1% 4.7%