Volume 6(2019)

PAGE 16/26

Travelling is a basic activity, and its costs account for more than 10 per cent of the total family expenses in the poor households, even though they are less likely to be involved in many travel-relevant activities.

5. ACCESS TO BASIC SERVICES

Educational system

As noted previously, children from poor households have equal opportunity to access general education due to the financial support from the city government.

Figure 7: Public or other school enrolment

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Most of the children in the household sample are attending primary or secondary school; only 1.6 per cent of them are attending vocational training. And 33.8 per cent of household members aged 19-22 go to colleges or universities. These are positive figures for the next generation of poor households. Most of the households consider schooling costs as consuming an average to large portion of the family budget.

Table 14: Cost of education in poor household expenditure

Household category
Poor Near poor Total
N % N % N %
Very low 1 0.5 0 0.0 1 0.3
Relatively low 6 3.2 4 3.4 10 3.3
Average 96 50.8 55 46.2 151 49.0
Relatively high 64 33.9 49 41.2 113 36.7
Very high 22 11.6 11 9.2 33 10.7
Total 189 100.0 119 100.0 308 100.0