Volume 6(2019)

PAGE 23/26

Policy expectation

Most of the poor households expect to acquire health insurance, with 87.5 per cent responding that they would prefer to have free health insurance; 74.8 per cent said they expect health insurance to cover a wide range of insured items; 76.2 per cent said they expect lower costs for health check-ups and treatment; and 48.8 per cent said they expect to have more quality public hospitals in their district. A relatively large number of participants said they would like to receive policy information (at 45.6 per cent) and guidance (at 46.8 per cent). The poor households are not informed of the poverty policies. There are no needs assessment for the vocational training programme and even worse, many poor people are not aware of the programme.

Around a third (32.1 per cent) of the survey households expressed preference for the abolition of the household residential registration in access to medical services and education and a lower interest rate credit programme. They also would like simpler procedures for applying for a loan (at 28.8 per cent) and a higher credit limit (at 29.2 per cent). And around a quarter of the households would like more appropriate jobs (at 22.3 per cent) and job information (at 22.1 per cent) to be made available through the employment policy. They also would like more financial support for repairing a house (at 22.9 per cent) as well as a simpler application procedure (22.1 per cent) and abolition of financial proof for the housing policy (at 20.2 per cent) (figure 14).

When interviewed, a few poverty officials remarked that the poverty policies should be reduced, while more support, such as monthly allowances, should be given to older and disadvantaged persons. Not many poor people, in income terms, remain in the city; most of the urban poor are disadvantaged people, including older persons. What is particularly needed, according to the poverty officials, are an employment policy and a housing policy for older persons.