Volume 6(2019)

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Figure 14: Policy expectations

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CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS

The economic growth of Viet Nam has lifted millions of people out of poverty. In Ho Chi Minh City, most people, particularly in the central districts, now earn far above the national and even the city income poverty line. There are not many poor people living in the central districts. Households consider poor are mostly found in the rural and peri-urban districts, including migrant households. A major portion of the existing poor households are older people, people with chronic illness or living with disabilities, with children and need intensive support from the government and society. Typically, they reside in small-sized semi-permanent houses in narrow alleys that sometimes flood when heavy rains come with the high tide from the Sai Gon River.