Volume 2(2013)

PAGE 11/15

Driven by such expansion of energy consumption in China, energy consumption in the whole world is expected to expand about 1.5 times more than current consumption in 2025 (refer to Fig.8).

However, the main energy resource of China is the coal mined domestically. Most of its energy is supplied by coal, energy composition ratio of 2010 being coal 76.5%, oil 9.8%, natural gas 4.3%, hydraulic/nuclear/wind power generation 9.4%4. Therefore, the increase of energy consumption in China does not mean the expansion of import of energy resources directly. This is the big difference from Japan most of whose energy resources depends on import.

Fig.5 Energy consumption

Unit quadrillion BTU
Sources : U.S. Energy Information Administration (2011)

Fig.6 Energy consumption

Unit quadrillion BTU
Sources : U.S. Energy Information Administration (2011)

Additionally, China is rapidly promoting the construction of nuclear power plants, establishing the energy supply system that does not necessarily depends on fossil fuels such as oil and coal (refer to Fig.9).

Accordingly, as to the import of oil, the import quantity of China is thought to have hit a peak (refer to Fig.10). Rather, the countries expected to increase the import of oil hereafter are emerging countries in Asia including ASEAN countries and India, and Japan expected to denuclearize its energy sources.

4. China Statistical Year Book 2011.